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一个句子搞定小学英语语法:不定代词

小学新闻网 2019-09-13 14:42 小学英语 90次

  一个句子搞定小学英语语法:不定代词

  

  不定代词

  

  <例句>

  

  I have no idea about it.

  

  对此我一无所知。

  

  <语法分析>

  

  不定代词no在句子中作定语,此外,every也可作定语。除了这两个词外,其他的不定代词既可用作名词也可用作形容词,大多数在句子中可充当主语、宾语、表语、同位语和定语等。

  

  <触类旁通>

  

  (1) Someone (somebody) has turned off the light.

  

  有人把灯关了。

  

  语法分析:合成不定代词 someone 和 somebody 意思相同,都表示“某人”,但只用于肯定句,在否定句及疑问句中通常用 anybody 或 anyone.

  

  (2) Everybody (everyone) laughed, me included.

  

  大家都笑了,我也笑了。

  

  语法分析:everybody 和 everyone 意思相同,表示“人人”、“大家”。

  

  (3) Did any of your photos come out well?

  

  你的照片洗出来都不错吗?

  

  语法分析:any 可代表可数名词或不可数名词名词,在句子中作主语或宾语等,可用于否定句及疑问句,肯定句用 some.

  

  (4) She is in no mood (not in a mood) for jokes.

  

  她没有心情说笑话。

  

  语法分析:no 可构成否定句,等于 not a.

  

  (5) I never saw so many swans on the lake .

  

  我从未见过湖面上有这么多天鹅。

  

  语法分析:many 修饰可数名词,可用在疑问句,否定句及肯定句中,还可与too, so 等词连用,much, few 及 little 也可表示数量,与many 一样,都可用作定语。

  

  (6) None of us would have said such a thing.

  

  我们谁也不会说出这种话来。

  

  语法分析:none 和 no 一样,都是否定词,none可用作主语、宾语或介词宾语及同位语。

  

  <巩固练习>

  

  1. I will tell you _____ of my own experience.

  

  2. If you want ______ , you can call me.

  

  3. I'll take ______ that you don't want.

  

  4. As ______ as ten people were found living in a single room.

  

  5. You've given me too ______ food.

  

  6. ______ went his way.

  

  7. ______ of my parents live in Japan.

  

  8. One of the boys is named Tom, the _____ named Bill.

  

  9. Show me some ______.

  

  10. I don't like this room. Let's ask for _____.

  

  <参考答案>

  

  1. something  2. anything  3. any  4. many  5. much  6. Each  7. Both  8. other  9. others  10. another

  

  今天就和大家就分享到这,祝愿同学们用辛勤的汗水去收获美好的未来吧!

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