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一个句子搞定小学英语语法:关系代词

小学新闻网 2019-09-13 14:42 小学英语 129次

  一个句子搞定小学英语语法:关系代词

  

  关系代词

  

  <例句>

  

  I met someone who said he knew you.

  

  我遇到一个人,他说他认识你。

  

  <语法分析>

  

  关系代词 who 代表 someone,又引导从句修饰它,同时又在从句中担任主语。关系代词 who, whom, whose, that和 which可以用来引导定语从句,这类代词都起着三重作用,一是代表前面的名词,二是把从句和它所修饰的词连接起来,三是在从句里也担任一个成分。who 和 whom 都代表人,who 在从句中作主语,whom在从句中作宾语或介词宾语。whose在从句中可以作定语。that可以代表人或物,which 只能代表物在从句中可充当主语、宾语或介词宾语等。

  

  <触类旁通>

  

  (1) The noise that she made woke everybody up.

  

  她弄出的声音把大家都吵醒了。

  

  语法分析:that 代表 noise,又引导从句修饰它,在从句中担任 made 的宾语。

  

  (2) She saw something in the paper which might interest you.

  

  她在报纸上看到的一些消息,或许会使你感兴趣。

  

  语法分析:which 代表 something, 又引导从句修饰它,在从句中担任主语。

  

  (3) The girl with whom I was travlling didn't speak English.

  

  和我一起旅行的那个女孩不会讲英语。

  

  语法分析:whom 代表人,在从句中作宾语或介词宾语。

  

  (4) I saw a film whose name I have forgotten.

  

  我看了一部电影, 名字却忘了。

  

  语法分析:whose 有时指无生命的东西。

  

  (5) Who's the man (that) you were talking to?

  

  刚才和你讲话的人是谁?

  

  语法分析:在从句作宾语时,that常可以省略。

  

  (6) The situation in which she found herself was very difficult.

  

  她的处境非常困难。

  

  语法分析:在紧跟介词时,只能用which,不能用that,而且不能省略。

  

  <巩固练习>

  

  1. The man _____ robbed her has been arrested.

  

  2. The man _____ I saw told me to come back tomorrow.

  

  3. I know a girl _____ mother is an acrobat.

  

  4. He _____ would eat the fruit must climb the tree.

  

  5. The dog _____ was lost has been found.

  

  6. She invited us to dinner, ______ was very kind of her.

  

  7. My dog, ______ temper is very uncertain, often bites judges at dog show.

  

  8. The man from ______ I brought it told me to read me instructions.

  

  <参考答案>

  

  1. who  2. whom  3. whose  4. that  5. which  6. which  7. whose  8. whom

  

  今天就和大家就分享到这,祝愿同学们用辛勤的汗水去收获美好的未来吧!

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