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词汇精选:branch的用法和辨析

小学新闻网 2019-10-12 07:00 小学英语 74次

一、详细释义:


n.

树枝 [C]


例句:

The big ape swung itself from branch to branch.

那只大猿猴在树枝间荡来荡去。


例句:

The branch snapped under all the snow.

树枝在雪的重压下折断了。


支流,支脉 [C]


例句:

The small river is a branch of the Huai River.

这条小河是淮河的一条支流。


例句:

During irrigation period, the backflow from the farmland pollutes the branch.

每当农业灌溉之时,支流都因倒流而严重污染。


部门,机构


例句:

He had a fascination for submarines and joined this branch of the service.

他对潜艇非常着迷,因此加入了潜艇部队。


例句:

Senate employees could take their employment grievances to another branch of government.

参议院的雇员可以向别的政府部门申诉工作问题。


分部,分店 [C]


例句:

Characters printed in magnetic ink on cheques identify the bank and branch where the account is kept.

从支票上用磁性墨水书字的字符,能辨认出开户行和分行。


例句:

The head of the branch bank embezzled ten thousand dollars from the bank where he worked.

银行分行行长在他工作的银行里贪污了一万美元。


分支,分科 [C]


例句:

The normative sub-branch of microeconomics is known as welfare economics.

微观经济学的规范的分支学科被称为福利经济学。


例句:

The branch of the Finno-Ugric subfamily of languages that includes Hungarian.

乌戈尔语包括匈牙利语的芬兰-乌戈尔亚语系的分支。


支系,旁系


例句:

This is one of the branches of the Roosevelt family.

这是罗斯福家族的一个支系。


v.

出枝 [I,T]


例句:

The tree branches forth in spring.

春天树木抽出新枝。


例句:

Those trees branch at heights of ten feet.

那些树在10英尺高处分枝。


分支,分叉 [I,T]


例句:

Follow the main road until it branches, and then turn to the right.

沿大路一直走到岔口,然后向右拐。


例句:

The road branches at the bottom of the hill.

那条路在山脚下分叉。


扩张,扩大 [I,T]


例句:

The bank has plan to branch throughout the country.

这家银行有向全国扩充业务的计划。


例句:

From car retail the company branch out into car leasing.

公司的业务从汽车零售扩大到汽车出租。


二、词义辨析:


branch,limb,bough,shoot

这些名词均含有“枝”之意。 branch普通用词,泛指树木比bough小一些的大枝或小枝,也可用于引申意义。 limb多指主枝或大枝。 bough指主枝或粗大强壮的枝。 shoot指植物或灌木刚长出的新枝、嫩枝或嫩芽。


三、相关短语:


branch out

v. 1.扩大活动范围


olive branch

橄榄枝,和平的象征


branch line

断叉线,分支线,支线


special branch

特别兵种


branch of knowledge

学科


branch water

小溪流的水


executive branch

【法】 行政部门


judicial branch

【法】 司法部门


tree branch

【计】 树枝, 树叉


四、参考例句:


An olive branch represents peace.

橄榄枝代表和平。


What does the judicial branch do?

司法部门做什么事?


A branch whipped her across the cheek.

一根树枝抽打到了她的脸颊。


The acoustics is a branch of physical.

声学是物理学的一个分支。


Logistics is a branch of military science.

后勤是军事科学的一个分支。


Ethics is a branch of philosophy.

伦理学是哲学的分科。


Ethics is a branch of philosophy.

伦理学是哲学的分科。


The olive branch stands for peace.

橄榄枝象征着和平。


The branch bent but did not break.

那树枝弯曲,但没有折断。


The branch went completely dry this summer.

这条支流今年夏天完全干涸了。

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